Here is all All Android versions history. Android is a operating system of mobiles. First Android version 1.0 released on September 23, 2008 and till now it is continued in the order of Alphabet. All android versions are below.
Version 1.0 (Alpha)
It is the First Version of Android. it has no initial name it was known as Version 1.0 Here is some limited features and limited accessing capability. This version released on September 23, 2008. During to alphabetic order it’s name has to decided Alpha The most common features of version 1.0 are listed below
- Android Market allowed application downloads and updates through the Market application.
- Web browser to show, zoom and pan full HTML and XHTML web pages – multiple pages show as windows.
- Camera support – however, this version lacked the option to change the camera’s resolution, white balance, quality, etc.
- Folders allowing the grouping of a number of application icons into a single folder icon on the Home screen.
- Access to web email servers, supporting POP3, IMAP4, and SMTP.
- Gmail synchronization with the Gmail application.
- Google Contacts synchronization with the People application.
- Google Calendar synchronization with the Calendar application.
- Google Maps with Street View to view maps and satellite imagery, as well as find local business and obtain driving directions using GPS.
- Google Sync, allowing management of over-the-air synchronization of Gmail, People, and Calendar.
- Google Search, allowing users to search the Internet and phone applications, contacts, calendar, etc.
- Google Talk instant messaging.
- Instant messaging, text messaging, and MMS.
- Media Player, enabling management, importing, and playback of media files – however, this version lacked video and stereo Bluetooth support.
- Notifications appear in the Status bar, with options to set ringtone, LED or vibration alerts.
- Voice Dialer allows dialing and placing of phone calls without typing a name or number.
- Wallpaper allows the user to set the background image or photo behind the Home screen icons and widgets.
- YouTube video player.
- Other applications include: Alarm Clock, Calculator, Dialer (Phone), Home screen (Launcher), Pictures (Gallery), and Settings.
- Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support.
Version 1.1 (Beta)
This is second version of Android. At starting it’s also have not any name. As 1st android version name put alpha so android version 1.1 called the name of Beta. This Version released on February 9, 2009. it was the updated version of android version 1.1 (Alpha). so this version have more features that are mentioned below.
- Details and reviews available when a user searches for businesses on Maps.
- Longer in-call screen timeout default when using the speakerphone, plus ability to show/hide dialpad.
- Ability to save attachments in messages.
- Support added for marquee in system layouts.
Version 1.5 (Cupcake)
In the android versions list it is the third version of android it was released on April 27, 2009. the main highlighted features of Cupcake are:
- Support for third-party virtual keyboards with text prediction and user dictionary for custom words
- Support for Widgets – miniature application views that can be embedded in other applications (such as the Home screen) and receive periodic updates
- Video recording and playback in MPEG-4 and 3GP formats
- Auto-pairing and stereo support for Bluetooth (A2DP and AVRCP profiles)
- Copy and paste features in web browser
- User pictures shown for Favorites in Contacts
- Specific date/time stamp shown for events in call log, and one-touch access to a contact card from call log event
- Animated screen transitions
- Auto-rotation option
- New stock boot animation
- Ability to upload videos to YouTube
- Ability to upload photos to Picasa
Version 1.6 (Donut)
IN this order it was the 4th android version which was released on September 15, 2009. This was the 3rd version that launched in 2009. Some more improvement can be seen in this version. this version support 3G internet faculty and some more features are:
- Voice and text entry search enhanced to include bookmark history, contacts, and the web
- Ability for developers to include their content in search results
- Multi-lingual speech synthesis engine to allow any Android application to “speak” a string of text
- Easier searching and ability to view app screenshots in Android Market
- Gallery, camera and camcorder more fully integrated, with faster camera access
- Ability for users to select multiple photos for deletion
- Updated technology support for CDMA/EVDO, 802.1x, VPNs, and a text-to-speech engine
- Support for WVGA screen resolutions
- Speed improvements in searching and camera applications
- Expanded Gesture framework and new GestureBuilder development tool
Version 2.0 (Eclair)
This is the fifth version of os Android that was released on October 26, 2009. that’s why four android version launched in 2009. here is not many improvement and not any major improvement it was something like donut there are small small changes given below
- Expanded Account sync, allowing users to add multiple accounts to a device for synchronization of email and contacts
- Microsoft Exchange email support, with combined inbox to browse email from multiple accounts in one page
- Bluetooth 2.1 support
- Ability to tap a Contacts photo and select to call, SMS, or email the person
- Ability to search all saved SMS and MMS messages, with delete oldest messages in a conversation automatically deleted when a defined limit is reached
- Numerous new camera features, including flash support, digital zoom, scene mode, white balance, color effect and macro focus
- Improved typing speed on virtual keyboard, with smarter dictionary that learns from word usage and includes contact names as suggestions
- Refreshed browser UI with bookmark thumbnails, double-tap zoom and support for HTML5
- Calendar agenda view enhanced, showing attending status for each invitee, and ability to invite new guests to events
- Optimized hardware speed and revamped UI
- Support for more screen sizes and resolutions, with better contrast ratio
- Improved Google Maps 3.1.2
- MotionEvent class enhanced to track multi-touch events
- Addition of live wallpapers, allowing the animation of home-screen background images to show movement
Version 2.2 (Froyo)
In thus version Android done many improvement like wifi hotspot, usb tethering, password security and many more. Froyo was the sixth version of OS Android. This version was launched in May 20, 2010. All changes and improvements are listed below
- Speed, memory, and performance optimizations
- Additional application speed improvements, implemented through JIT compilation
- Support for the Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) service, enabling push notifications
- Improved Microsoft Exchange support, including security policies, auto-discovery, GAL look-up, calendar synchronization and remote wipe
- Improved application launcher with shortcuts to Phone and Browser applications
- USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality
- Option to disable data access over mobile network
- Updated Market application with batch and automatic update features
- Quick switching between multiple keyboard languages and their dictionaries
- Support for Bluetooth-enabled car and desk docks
- Support for numeric and alphanumeric passwords
- Support for file upload fields in the Browser application
- The browser now shows all frames of animated GIFs instead of just the first frame only
- Support for installing applications to the expandable memory
- Adobe Flash support
- Support for high-PPI displays (up to 320 ppi), such as four-inch 720p screens
- Gallery allows users to view picture stacks using a zoom gesture
Version 2.3 (Gingerbread)
Now we come to the 7th version of OS Android which is released on December 6, 2010 thus the Android launched our two versions in 2010. it will be very popular in the market. mostly people know about this version may be used also. The features of this version are mentioned below.
- Updated user interface design with increased simplicity and speed
- Support for extra-large screen sizes and resolutions (WXGA and higher)
- Native support for SIP VoIP internet telephony
- Faster, more intuitive text input in virtual keyboard, with improved accuracy, better suggested text and voice input mode
- Enhanced copy/paste functionality, allowing users to select a word by press-hold, copy, and paste
- Support for Near Field Communication (NFC), allowing the user to read an NFC tag embedded in a poster, sticker, or advertisement
- New audio effects such as reverb, equalization, headphone virtualization, and bass boost
- New Download Manager, giving users easy access to any file downloaded from the browser, email, or another application
- Support for multiple cameras on the device, including a front-facing camera, if available
- Support for WebM/VP8 video playback, and AAC audio encoding
- Improved power management with a more active role in managing applications that are keeping the device awake for too long
- Enhanced support for native code development
- Switched from YAFFS to ext4 on newer devices
- Audio, graphical, and input enhancements for game developers
- Concurrent garbage collection for increased performance
- Native support for more sensors (such as gyroscopes and barometers)
- First Android version to feature an Easter egg. It was an image of the Bugdroid standing next to a zombie gingerbread man, with many more zombies in the background.
Version 3.0 (Honeycomb)
This was the 8th version of Operating system Android and it is released on February 22, 2011. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Added System Bar, featuring quick access to notifications, status, and soft navigation buttons, available at the bottom of the screen
- Added Action Bar, giving access to contextual options, navigation, widgets, or other types of content at the top of the screen
- Simplified multitasking – tapping Recent Applications in the System Bar allows users to see snapshots of the tasks underway and quickly jump from one application to another
- Redesigned keyboard, making typing fast, efficient and accurate on larger screen sizes
- Simplified, more intuitive copy/paste interface
- Multiple browser tabs replacing browser windows, plus form auto-fill and a new “incognito” mode allowing anonymous browsing
- Quick access to camera exposure, focus, flash, zoom, front-facing camera, time-lapse, and other camera features
- New two-pane Contacts UI and Fast Scroll to let users easily organize and locate contacts
- New two-pane Email UI to make viewing and organizing messages more efficient, allowing users to select one or more messages
Version 4.0 ( Ice Cream Sandwich)
This was the 9th version of Operating system Android and it is released on October 18, 2011. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Easier-to-create folders, with a drag-and-drop style
- Improved visual voicemail with the ability to speed up or slow down voicemail messages
- Pinch-to-zoom functionality in the calendar
- Integrated screenshot capture (accomplished by holding down the Power and Volume-Down buttons)
- Improved error correction on the keyboard
- Ability to access applications directly from lock screen
- Improved copy and paste functionality
- Better voice integration and continuous, real-time speech to text dictation
- Face Unlock, a feature that allows users to unlock handsets using facial recognition software
- Automatic syncing of browser with users’ Chrome bookmarks
- Ability to shut down applications from the recent apps list with a swipe
- Improved camera application with zero shutter lag, time lapse settings, panorama mode, and the ability to zoom while recording
- Built-in photo editor
- New gallery layout, organized by location and person
- Support for the WebP image format
- Hardware acceleration of the UI
- Wi-Fi Direct
- 1080p video recording for stock Android devices
- New camera applications enhancing video stabilization and QVGA resolution
- Accessibility refinements such as improved content access for screen readers
- Stability improvements
- Better camera performance
- Smoother screen rotation
- Improved phone number recognition
Version 4.1 (Jelly Bean)
This was the 10th version of Operating system Android and it is released on July 9, 2012. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Smoother user interface:
- Enhanced accessibility
- Bi-directional text and other language support
- User-installable keyboard maps
- Ability to turn off notifications on an application-specific basis
- Bluetooth data transfer for Android Beam
- Tablets with smaller screens now use an expanded version of the interface layout and home screen used by phones.
- Improved camera application
- Multichannel audio
- USB audio (for external sound)
- Audio chaining (also known as gapless playback)
- Notification power controls (“Quick Settings”)
- “Daydream” screensavers
- Bluetooth low energy support
- Bluetooth Audio/Video Remote Control Profile (AVRCP) 1.3 support
- OpenGL ES 3.0 support, allowing for improved game graphics
- Restricted access mode for new user profiles
- SELinux enabled by default
- 4K resolution support
- Numerous security updates, performance enhancements, and bugfixes
- System-level support for geofencing and Wi-Fi scanning APIs
- Background Wi-Fi location still runs even when Wi-Fi is turned off
- Developer logging and analyzing enhancements
- Added support for five more languages
- Changed digital rights management (DRM) APIs
- Right-to-left (RTL) languages now supported
- Clock in the status bar disappears if clock is selected as lockscreen widget
- Native emoji support
Version 4.4 (Kit kat)
This was the 11th version of Operating system Android and it is released on October 31, 2013. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Wireless printing capability
- NFC host card emulation, enabling a device to replace smart cards
- WebViews now based on Chromium engine (feature parity with Chrome for Android 30)
- Expanded functionality for notification listener services
- New framework for UI transitions
- Sensor batching, step detector and counter APIs
- Settings application now makes it possible to select default text messaging and home (launcher) application
- Audio tunneling, audio monitoring and loudness enhancer
- Built-in screen recording feature (primarily for developers, as usage of ADB is required)
- Native infrared blaster API
- Verified boot
- Enforcing SELinux
- Expanded accessibility APIs and system-level closed captioning settings
- Android Runtime (ART) introduced as a new experimental application runtime environment, not enabled by default, as a replacement for the Dalvik virtual machine
- Bluetooth Message Access Profile (MAP) support
- Disabled access to battery statistics by third-party applications
- Settings application no longer uses a multi-pane layout on devices with larger screens
- Wi-Fi and mobile data activity (TX/RX) indicators are moved to quick settings
- Disables text wrapping in the WebView browser component
Version 5.0 (Lollipop)
This was the 12th version of Operating system Android and it is released on November 12, 2014. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Vector drawables, which scale without losing definition
- Support for print previews
- Material design, bringing a restyled user interface
- Refreshed lock screen, no longer supporting widgets
- Refreshed notification tray and quick settings pull-down
- Project Volta, for battery life improvements
- Searches can be performed within the system settings for quicker access to particular settings
- Lock screen provides shortcuts to application and notification settings
- Guest logins and multiple user accounts are available on more devices, such as phones.
- Audio input and output through USB devices
- Pinning of an application’s screen for restricted user activity.
- Recently used applications are remembered even after restarting the device.
- Addition of 15 new languages: Basque, Bengali, Burmese, Chinese (Hong Kong), Galician, Icelandic, Kannada, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Sinhala, Tamil and Telugu
- A flashlight-style application is included, working on supported devices with a camera flash.
- User-customizable priorities for application notifications.
- Smart lock feature
- SELinux in enforcing mode for all domains
- Updated emoji
- Improved accessibility support (e.g. switch ccess support)
- Block-based over-the-air (OTA) updates for new devices
Version 6.0 (Marshmallow)
This was the 13th version of Operating system Android and it is released on October 5 2015. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Contextual search from keywords within apps.
- Introduction of Doze mode, which reduces CPU speed while the screen is off in order to save battery life.
- App Standby feature
- Alphabetically accessible vertical application drawer
- Application search bar and favorites
- Native fingerprint reader support
- Direct Share feature for target-specific sharing between apps
- Renamed “Priority” mode to “Do Not Disturb” mode
- App Linking for faster instinctive opening of links with corresponding application
- Larger Application folders with multiple pages
- Post-install/run-time permission requests
- USB-C support
- Demo Mode feature for screenshot-capture usage
- Automatic full data backup and restore for apps
- 4K display mode for apps
- Adoptable External storage to behave like Internal Storage(However, this causes more actual problems than the hypothetical ones it was probably designed to solve.)
- MIDI support for musical instruments
- Experimental multi-window feature
- Support for actions by third-party apps in the text selection menu
- App permissions now granted individually at run-time, not all-or-nothing at install time.
- Miracast support dropped
Version 7.0 (Nougat)
This was the 14th version of Operating system Android and it is released on August 22, 2016. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Unicode 9.0 emoji and skin tone modifier support (and exposes a subset of ICU4J APIs).
- Ability to display color calibration
- Ability to screen zoom
- Ability to switch apps by double tapping in overview button
- Added Emergency information part
- Added the “Clear All” button in Overview screen
- Another system partition, which gets updated when not in use, allowing for seamless system updates
- Daydream virtual reality platform (VR interface)
- Improved Doze functionality, which aims to prolong battery life
- Improvements to file browser
- More Quick Settings options
- Multi-window support, which supports floating apps on a desktop layout
- New Data Saver mode, which can force apps to reduce bandwidth usage
- New JIT Compiler, making for 75 percent faster app installations and a 50 percent reduction in compiled code size
- Just in Time (JIT) compiler with code profiling to ART, which lets it constantly improve the performance of Android apps as they run
- Picture-in-picture support for Android TV
- Redesigned notification shade, featuring instant access to certain settings
- Redesigned Overview screen
- Replaced notification cards with notification sheets
- Settings app navigation drawer
- Vulkan 3D rendering API
- Multiple Device Locales
- Rearranged notification shade
- Touch/display performance improvements
- Moves (Fingerprint swipe down gesture – opt-in)
Version 8.0 (Oreo)
This was the 15th version of Operating system Android and it is released on August 21 2017. here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- Project Treble, the biggest change to the foundations of Android to date: a modular architecture that makes it easier and faster for hardware makers to deliver Android updates
- Picture-in-picture support
- Support for Unicode 10.0 emoji (5.0) and replacement of all blob-shaped emojis by round ones with gradient and outline
- Redesigned Quick Settings and Settings with white background and respectively black and Accent font color
- Restructured Settings by regrouping in sections similar entries
- Adaptive icons
- Notification improvements
- Notification channels
- Notification dots (badges)
- Notification snoozing
- Notification shade multi-colors (for music album art, messengers etc)
- System-wide Autofill framework
- Sony LDAC codec support
- App-specific unknown sources
- Multi-display support
- 2 times faster boot time
- Apps background execution and location limits
- Google Play Protect
- Downloadable fonts
- Integrated printing support
- Color management (deep color and wide color gamut)
- Wi-Fi Assistant
- Neural networks API
- Shared memory API
- WallpaperColors API
- Bluetooth battery level for connected devices, accessible in Quick Settings
- Android Oreo Go Edition, an optional lightweight distribution of Android for low-end devices with less than 1 GB of RAM
- Autofill framework updates
- Programmatic Safe Browsing actions
- Navigation buttons dim when not in use
- Automatic light and dark themes
Version 9.0 P
This was the 16th version of Operating system Android and it is released on June 6, 2018 (Bets version). here Android again done some improvements in comparison to previous version. Android Provided some more features in this version that are mentioned below
- New user interface for the quick settings menu
- The clock has moved to the left of the notification bar.
- The “dock” now has a semi-transparent background.
- Battery saver no longer shows an orange overlay on the notification and status bars.
- A “screenshot” button has been added to the power options.
- A new “Lockdown” mode which disables biometric authentication once activated
- Rounded corners across the UI
- New transitions for switching between apps, or activities within apps
- Richer messaging notifications, where a full conversation can be had within a notification, full scale images, and smart replies akin to Google’s new app, Reply
- Support for display cutouts
- Redesigned volume slider
- Battery percentage now shown in Always-On Display
- Lock screen security changes include the possible return of an improved NFC Unlock.
- Experimental features (which are currently hidden within a menu called Feature Flags) such as a redesigned About Phone page in settings, and automatic Bluetooth enabling while driving
- DNS over TLS
- A new gesture-based system interface, navigating the OS just like on an iPhone X, removed home button and multitask button
- Redesigned multitask app switcher with Google search bar and app drawer built in.
- Android Dashboard, for example, is designed to tell you how much time you’re spending on your device and in apps in the name of digital health
- “Shush” a new Do Not Disturb mode placing the phone face down will mute notifications, will allow emergencies to come through.
- Adaptive Battery feature that maximizes battery power by prioritizing the apps you’re most likely to use next.
- Auto Brightness feature modifies screen brightness based on your own personal preferences.
- Wind Down option lets Android users set a specific bed time that enables Do Not Disturb and turns the entire phone’s interface gray to discourage further use at night.